Bass have a robust body, ranging from 6 inches to 2 feet, with a dark greenish-olive back and lighter green to yellow sides, often featuring a distinctive dark horizontal stripe. Their most noticeable feature is a large, prominent mouth, especially in the case of the largemouth bass. This fish possesses a dorsal fin with possible spines and a forked tail fin. The bass's appearance varies slightly among species, with the largemouth bass being one of the most recognized.
Bass are primarily freshwater species, but their specific habitat preferences can vary based on the species. Some common habitats where bass are often found include lakes, ponds, rivers and streams, and brackish waters. They are often associated with structures like submerged vegetation or timber, rock formations, and other forms of cover that help to hide them from predators and prey alike.
Early morning and late evening are prime times for bass fishing, as the fish are more active during low light conditions. They can also be sensitive to noise and vibrations, especially in calm waters. Approach your fishing spot quietly and avoid loud movements to prevent spooking the fish. Using a variety of lures that mimic their natural prey is essential. Popular lures for bass fishing include plastic worms, crankbaits, spinnerbaits, jigs, topwater lures, and soft plastic swimbaits.